Is it all right to give up using plastic bags

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Give up using plastic bags, OK

plastic bags, the "white killer" threatening the earth's environment, have far exceeded its actual use value until normal, and have become a major problem disturbing the global environment, so give up using plastic bags, give up using plastic bags, OK? Editor's note: do you think plastic bags have become an indispensable part of your life? When you go to the supermarket to buy things, you always take plastic bags, and you also use plastic bags when you throw garbage... It seems convenient for you. Do you know how much pressure it has caused on the earth's environment? It takes 100 years for a small plastic bag to be completely degraded, but at the rate we use plastic bags now, how many 100 years will the earth have for us to waste

on October 24, 1902, Austrian scientist Max schuschner invented plastic bags, which was no different from a scientific and technological revolution at that time. However, to schuschner's surprise, 100 years later, when commemorating the "centenary" of the plastic bag, it was rated as "the worst invention of mankind in the 20th century" by the European environmental protection organization. For a time, the voices of "stay away from plastic bags" and "ban plastic bags" rose one after another. So, is it realistic to ban the use of plastic bags for a short time

the "sin" of plastic bags can not be ignored

plastic bags are destined to form a difficult "love" with human beings from the day they were born. Today, globally, at least 500billion plastic bags are carried home by people every year, and 1million plastic bags will be used in one minute, that is, about 150 plastic bags per person every year. Someone has made a vivid metaphor that if the plastic bags that people use every year are covered on the earth's surface, it is enough to make the earth wear several "white coats". Plastic bags are cheap and have low recycling value. They are generally discarded after being used once or twice. These unrecycled plastic bags quickly enter the environment, causing great harm to the environment. Most people in the world agree not to use plastic bags. Especially for environmentalists, plastic bags are "full of crimes" and have become the number one public enemy of mankind

sin 1: visual pollution

waste plastic bags are scattered on the ground, blown by the wind, flying all over the sky, or hanging on branches in the wind, or floating on the water, which brings bad stimulation to people's vision and destroys the overall beauty of cities and scenic spots. This annoying feature of plastic bags makes them have many disparaging names. For example, in Ireland, the plastic bag hanging on a tree is called "witch's underwear", while in China, people call it "white pollution"

sin 2: waste of resources

the situation is increasingly in need. Plastic bags not only pollute the environment, but also cause a great waste of land resources. Waste plastic bags are landfilled with garbage, which will not only occupy a lot of land, but also the occupied land will not be restored for a long time, affecting the sustainable use of land. Because the plastic bag has a stable structure and is not easy to be damaged by natural microorganisms, it will not degrade in the natural environment for 200 years, resulting in a large area of land being occupied for a long time, exacerbating the pressure on land resources

sin 3: pose a threat to the survival of animals

waste plastic bags discarded on land or in water are swallowed by animals as food, resulting in the death of animals. Such situations have been common in parks, pastoral areas, rural areas and oceans. In particular, plastic bags thrown into the sea can be called "marine biological killers". In recent years, there have been many incidents in which turtle and whale viscera were blocked by plastic bags and killed, and then washed into the beach by the sea. For example, in 2002, a minke whale was washed by the sea to the beach of Normandy, France, after its death, and an 800 kg plastic bag and other packaging materials were found in its stomach. Researchers found 20.6 grams of plastic fragments in the stomach of a dead Plover living in the North Sea

sin 4: the negative impact exceeds the utilization value

plastic bags affect the comprehensive utilization of garbage. Domestic waste is mixed with plastic, so it is not suitable for composting. However, sorting out waste plastic bags from garbage increases the cost of composting. Randomly discarded plastic waste increases the work intensity and pressure of the environmental health department. Waste plastic bags are constantly accumulated in the soil, affecting the absorption of nutrients and water by crops, resulting in crop yield reduction. Plastic bags floating in rivers bring great difficulties to water source access, causing pump evacuation and blockage, causing huge losses to industrial production and hydropower stations, and affecting shipping. Burning plastic bags will produce dioxin, which can cause cancer to human body and pollute the atmospheric environment

there are really many sins of plastic bags. Its negative impact has far exceeded its actual use value. It has become a major problem perplexing the global environment and is attracting great attention from all countries in the world


countries' campaign to control plastic bags

just because plastic bags do great harm, many countries have introduced many governance measures, including taxation, prohibition and so on. For example, the Italian government implements a "tax law" for plastic bag manufacturers and sellers. In order to curb the "Crazy" use of plastic bags, Ireland began to levy a plastic bag use tax in March 2002, and the funds collected are used for environmental protection projects. Results in just a few months, the use of plastic bags in Ireland fell by 90%, which not only effectively curbed the "white pollution", but also raised a considerable amount of funds for national environmental protection projects, thus improving the national awareness of environmental protection

Maharashtra, India, prohibits plastic bags with a thickness of less than 20 microns, and controls the raw materials for producing such plastic bags. Since November, 1998, those who littered, used and distributed plastic bags in the state and studied spray free materials and mold structures for up to one year can be sentenced to up to five years' imprisonment and a fine of 100000 rupees. The South African government stipulates that it is illegal to use plastic bags less than 30 microns thick

Bangladesh is a country with limited waste disposal capacity. Most of the millions of plastic bags used every day are discarded in the streets and then washed into rivers and sewers. As a result, the drainage system of the whole country was blocked, exacerbating two floods in 1988 and 1998. In 2002, the Bangladeshi government simply banned the production and sale of plastic bags and used paper bags made of waste newspapers or used exercise books. Those who use plastic bags will be fined on the spot

On February 23, 2005, at the Governing Council of the United Nations Environment Programme held in Nairobi, the capital of Kenya, participants specially discussed the problem of environmental pollution caused by plastic bags. UNEP recommended that countries restrict the use of plastic bags and discussed the proposal to ban the use of plastic bags less than 30 microns thick and impose heavy taxes on heavy plastic bags. Because the ban on the use of light plastic bags can greatly reduce the number of plastic bags discarded in the streets, fields and tourist attractions; After the impact strength of heavy plastic bags is increased by 160%, the funds can be invested in environmental protection

finding suitable substitutes is one of the main measures to control plastic bag pollution. Cloth bags are people's traditional packaging items, which are easy for people to accept. Cloth bags can be used repeatedly, and the pollution to the environment is significantly lower than that of plastic bags. Therefore, many countries advocate the use of cloth bags. The United Nations Environment programme also advocates the use of cotton and hemp eco bags in all countries

opponents: banning does not help.

in addition to plastic bag manufacturers, some people speak well for plastic bags, raise objections to the prohibition of the use of plastic bags, and the remarks that plastic bags are harmful to the environment are somewhat alarmist. They believe that banning or restricting the use of plastic bags will not only bring little effect to environmental improvement, but also cause new problems. In addition to bringing some inconvenience to people's lives, because there are no reusable plastic bags, people must buy regular garbage bags, and shops must use a large number of paper bags and cartons, which will produce more garbage. A British "organization against the prohibition of the use of plastic bags" claims that among all disposable items, plastic bags have the highest reuse rate, reaching 80%. The energy efficiency in the production process of plastic bags is very high, and compared with paper bags and cartons, the transportation cost of plastic bags is low. A statement of the British Packaging Association pointed out that using biodegradable packaging bags is not the final solution to the problem, because it will make people mistakenly believe that biodegradable packaging materials can be thrown away

China is a big country in the use of plastic bags. At present, "white pollution" is still spreading and is wantonly eroding our homes. Is it forbidden to use plastic bags, limited use of plastic bags, or free use of plastic bags? No matter which approach you agree with, it is necessary to advocate green consumption, that is, to minimize or reuse plastic bags, and to promote the use of cloth bags for shopping and basket shopping

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